Infertility is the inability of a person to have a child despite regular sexual intercourse within a year without any protection methods. The causes of infertility are from 40% males, 40% female, and 20% from both. Approximately 10 to 20% of infertile couples have unexplained infertility. If the problem originates from the cause, it negatively affects the couples psychosocial.
Infertility and psychological support
The diagnosis of infertility is taken at a time when the couple wants most children. It is not possible for the couple to perceive this diagnosis and cope with this situation in the first place. In this period, couples begin to review their previous lives, blaming themselves and their wives. They may even deny the situation to save time. Doctor doctor wants to go around and reevaluate their condition. These are all denials to adapt to the diagnosis they receive.
Starting treatment means accepting the diagnosis partially. The infertility treatment process of the infertile couple is influenced by many areas of treatment, both from the characteristics of therapy and psychosocial factors. Advances in reproductive techniques such as IVF and vaccination can be hoped for in one aspect of the patients, while in couples it creates sadness, loss of control, stigmatisation, and the failure to reach adult identity.
Not having children causes psychological trauma, and some kind of identity crisis brings together. Self-esteem is damaged, inadequacy and feelings of guilt evading concerns about body image, even castration fears and feelings of extinction. From these angles, it is possible to relate the problems experienced by a couple with infertile to her, her family, her close social environment and IVF treatment.
When couples who are receiving treatment are particularly interested in the problem areas where women live; The number of people who feel tense due to their treatment when they start treatment and their previous unsuccessful treatments, who do not sleep on the night of the day to the hospital, ' I wonder whether I can conceive ' question is high. It is clear that in the difficult and lengthy process of infertility treatment, people are experiencing problems such as anxiety, sexual dysfunction, marital conflict.
A high proportion of infertile women felt guilty because they could not give a child to the wife, pregnant and having children felt incomplete, angry emotions, lived in the world when they feel that the heads of the Earth fell down Known. In the study of a group of patients, 50% of men and 50% of women described infertility as the saddest event of their lives.
Research has shown that psychological support to the negative affected couples in the psychological situation affects the success in the treatment process positively. In a study, 34% of couples who had psychological support in the treatment process were found to be pregnant. Psychological aid programs are not enough to eliminate the problem alone. However, infertile causes the couple to perceive the situation, adapt to the treatment, improve the quality of life, help the treatment team during the treatment process and, most importantly, increase their success in achieving the baby they hope to achieve.
Psychological support programs to be held in this period;
The most important factor that increases the person's anxiety is the lack of knowledge. The duration of the double treatment, the content, what they will face, the treatment options and the percentage of success should be explained. Studies on the importance of couples being informed about the treatment also suggest that information and anxiety measurements are inversely proportional. So the more accurate and adequate the information, the less anxiety it means.
Individual, family, group therapies should be applied according to the situation.
Relaxation exercises, YOGA, hypnosis
Infertility treatment is a serious and long treatment requiring a qualified and experienced team of doctors, embryologists, biologists, nurses, and one of the indispensable elements of this team are psychologists. The excerpts in this article were taken from my work on women with 500 infertile disease in 2007.