Each person has two kidneys located on two sides of the spine at the top of the abdominal cavity. Kidney length 10-12 cm, Width – 5-6 cm, weight – 120-200 grams or approximately 0.5% of total body weight. According to their form, they’re like bean seeds. The outer kidneys are covered with dense ligaments and are embedded in the layer of fatty tissue. It holds the kidneys firmly in a specific anatomical position. With the weight loss of a sharp person, when the oil capsule is significantly reduced or completely lost, the kidneys become a cause of various movement disorders, abdomen and lower back pain. In the kidney section, two layers can be seen: the outer cortex and inner medullary are composed of several conical cuts – the pyramids, and these are composed of numerous uropoez units (nephons) respectively.
In case of urinary incontinence, you lose your bladder control. In some cases, you can completely discharge the contents of the bladder. In other cases, you may experience only a small leak. Depending on the cause, the situation may be transient or chronic. Nowadays, millions of adults are experiencing urinary incontinence. It is more common among women and people over the age of 50. But everyone can be affected by this situation. As you get older, you tend to slimming muscles that support your bladder. This may lead to urinary incontinence. The situation may also be caused by many different health problems. Symptoms can be mild to severe and may indicate an infection, kidney stone, prostate enlargement or cancer.
If you are experiencing urinary incontinence, make an appointment with your doctor. The situation can affect your daily life and can lead to potentially embarrassing accidents. Your doctor may also determine if the cause is a more serious medical condition.
Types of urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence is divided into three general species. You can potentially experience more than one at a time.
Stress incontinence is triggered by some types of physical activity. For example, you could lose bladder control while exercising, coughing, sneezing, or laughing. Such activities will pressure the sphincter muscle that holds your urine in the bladder. This may cause the urine to release.
Urge incontinence occurs when we have to take control of your bladder after experiencing a sudden and powerful urge to urinance. Once that impulse hits, urine is kidnapped before it’s in the toilet.
Causes of urinary incontinence
There are many potential causes for urinary incontinence. Examples include:
- Weakens the bladder muscles as a result of ageing
- Physical damage to your pelvic floor muscles
- Enlarged prostate
Some of these disorders can be easily cured and only cause temporary urinary problems. Others are more serious and insistent.
Urinary incontinence can mainly be divided into 3 types. During undesirable storage, involuntary contractions are often compressed in the urinary incontinence wall for various reasons, which causes urinary incontinance in the form of a toilet failure. This type of urinary incontinence is called “Urinary incontinent type”. On the other hand, as a result of the weakness of the sphincter mechanism, the movements that increase intra-abdominal pressure such as cough, sneezing are due to urination. This type of urinary incontinence is called the stress urinary tract. Another type of urinary incontinence is the prevention of urinary excretion, such as the accumulation of urine leakage as a result of the growth of the prostate or the weakening and retention of urine, as well as a leak in the urine due to the accumulated urine volume. This is called “Overflow type urinary incontinence”. Any of these 3 urinary incontinence patterns can be either alone or in multiple forms in a urinary incontinence patient.
How is urinary incontinence treated?
It is important to uncover the urinary incontinence form and the underlying causes when it is decided to treat urine. It is important to strengthen the sphincter mechanism during the stress-type abduction and avoid uncontrolled contractions in the treatment of seizure types. The treatment of overflow type deprivation is to prevent urine accumulation in the urinary tract, i.e. empty the urine properly. These treatments can be done in the form of medication or surgical treatment. The correct treatment of the daily fluid amount and duration, the observation of toilet habits and similar lifestyle changes are neglected before or during drug treatment or surgical treatment. should not be In addition, it is important to make movements called pelvic floor or kegel exercises to strengthen sphincter in the vast majority of patients and is the first step treatment in some patients.
What are the symptoms of urinary incontinence?
Since urinary incontinence treatment varies according to urinary tract pattern, it is very important to determine the urinary evasion pattern in each patient in order for the correct treatment to be detectable. In most patients, urinary incontinence, patient complaints, physical examination findings, bladder diary, laboratory tests, urine flow rate, urine volume after urine measurement and pad testing can be determined by some tests. However, some patients who have not been benefited from previous treatment and who are not eligible for complaints, are scheduled for surgical treatment, and some patients with urinary incontinence have advanced treatment to accurately detect the pattern of urine evasion Due to neurological problems you may need. The most important of these tests is the URODYNAMIC study in which observations and pressure changes occurred when the urinary tract was filled and emptied. Urodynamic study is performed in Urodynamic laboratory. Urodynamic study provides very important information in determining the treatment to be applied for some patients and for evaluating treatment responses from some patients. In addition to urodynamic studies, various radiological methods are used to visualize urinary tract and urine samples, and endoscopic examination method of urinary incontinence and sphincter is cystoscopy.