Intrauterine Tools (Spiral)
Spiral (intrauterine instruments) is a small plastic tool placed inside the uterus. Spiralins have copper and hormone-containing types. The most common method of family planning methods is intra-uterine vehicles (spiral). It has been the most important factor in choosing the use of spirals to be easy, inexpensive and long term. Once the spiral is placed in the uterus, it has a protective effect of 5 or 10 years of pregnancy according to the type of spirals. The Protector is considered 97%. The protective effect begins immediately when the Spiral is attached. When removed, the protective effect from pregnancy is eliminated immediately.
How many kinds of spirals are there?
Copper spirals: Our country has 10 years protective T Cooper, 5-year protective multiload, Nova t copper-containing intrauterine instruments. Hormonal spirals: Our country has a hormonal spiral containing levonorgestrel named Demirena. The most important difference from other spirals is that it reduces the amount of menstrual bleeding. It can be used as an alternative to uterine retrieval surgeries in appropriate cases for therapeutic purposes.
How does Spiral protect from pregnancy?
Prevents the movement of copper sperm in the contents of the spiral. Therefore, it adversely affects fertilizinism. Again, the inflammatory environment created by copper prevents the uterus from settling even if the egg is fertited.
Who is applied to Spiral?
* Those who want long-term protection * After Normal birth on the 40th day, after cesarean after 4 months * low and after the curettage to protect the women who can not use other prevention methods
Who does not apply to Spiral?
* Women with undiagnosed abnormal bleeding * women who are suspected of pregnant or pregnant * in women who have an infection in the uterus or other organs of the reproductive system * in women who have a painful and more hemorrhage in patients * who want to be protected for less than a year * Women with a history of cancer in the women’s reproductive organs * Women with deformity in the uterus * Multiple partner relationships
What are the requirements to be considered in the Spiral application?
* Should be installed in health institutions that comply with sterile and hygienic rules. * Spiral menstruation should be worn on days when the bleeding decreases. It has two objectives. The first one is proof that the woman is not pregnant. Second, the cervix is slightly opened so that the spiral is easier to attach. * Before inserting the spiral, the female should be informed that the amount and duration of the menstrual bleeding will increase after the spiral is inserted. * If there is no complaint after the Spiral is inserted, the doctor should periodically go to the checks at the recommended intervals.
When using spirals, what are the emergency doctors to consult?
* Severe pain in the stomach (possible external pregnancy or inflammation of the prevalent reproductive organs) * abnormal, irregular bleeding in the presence of green, yellow, smelly discharge outside the normal. * If the spiral is suspected of falling or unregistering, it must be suspected of pregnancy and should be investigated when there is more than one delay in the Halde7. In the presence of complaints listed above, a medical institution should be applied immediately.